Psychosocial influences on engagement in care among HIV-positive young black gay/bisexual and other men who have sex with men.

TitlePsychosocial influences on engagement in care among HIV-positive young black gay/bisexual and other men who have sex with men.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsHussen SA, Harper GW, Bauermeister JA, Hightow-Weidman LB
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
Volume29
Issue2
Pagination77-85
Date Published2015 Feb
ISSN1557-7449
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, African Americans, African Continental Ancestry Group, Anti-Retroviral Agents, Bisexuality, Continuity of Patient Care, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health Behavior, Health Surveys, HIV Infections, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Patient Compliance, Patient Dropouts, Regression Analysis, Risk Factors, Self Concept, Social Stigma, Stress, Psychological, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>Young black gay/bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YB-GBMSM) living with HIV are at risk for poor engagement in HIV care. Relatively little is known about factors that impact engagement outcomes at various stages along the HIV care continuum in this specific population. The purpose of this analysis was to examine associations between various psychosocial factors and likelihood of engagement at each stage of the care continuum, among a geographically diverse sample of 132 YB-GBMSM living with HIV. Negative self-image, a component of HIV stigma, had an inverse association with early care seeking after HIV diagnosis (OR=1.05; 95% CI 1.01-1.10). Negative self-image was also inversely associated with adherence to medical appointments (OR=0.95; 95% CI 0.91-0.99), while employment (OR=0.30; 95% CI 0.12-0.75) and ethnic identity affirmation (OR=0.28; 95% CI 0.12-0.68) were both positively associated with appointment adherence. HIV-positive identity salience was associated with a higher likelihood of being on antiretroviral therapy (OR=1.06; 95% CI 1.02, 1.09). These findings highlight the importance of processes related to identity development, as both barriers and facilitators of engagement in care for HIV-positive YB-GBMSM. </p>

DOI10.1089/apc.2014.0117
Alternate JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
PubMed ID25682888
PubMed Central IDPMC4321768
Grant ListU01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 U01 HD 40474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 U01 HD 40533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States