HIV status disclosure, depressive symptoms, and sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive young men who have sex with men.

TitleHIV status disclosure, depressive symptoms, and sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive young men who have sex with men.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCook SH, Valera P, Wilson PA
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
JournalJ Behav Med
Volume38
Issue3
Pagination507-17
Date Published2015 Jun
ISSN1573-3521
KeywordsAdolescent, Depressive Disorder, HIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Self Disclosure, Statistics as Topic, United States, Unsafe Sex, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>The rate of HIV infection among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) is increasing in the United States, and targeted research is needed to inform interventions aimed at reducing HIV transmission in this population. This study aims to understand the association between HIV status disclosure and sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive YMSM. A particular focus is given to depressive symptoms and their potential role in explaining the association between HIV disclosure and sexual risk behavior. In a sample of 991 YMSM receiving care at 20 clinics across the United States, Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to explore these associations. Approximately one-half (52.4 %) of participants reported disclosing to their current sexual/romantic partner. Disclosure to family members was negatively associated with sexual risk behavior. Also, depressive symptoms were positively associated with sexual risk behavior. We discuss the implications of our findings for future research and intervention.</p>

DOI10.1007/s10865-015-9624-7
Alternate JournalJ Behav Med
PubMed ID25773478
PubMed Central IDPMC4425621
Grant ListU01 HD 040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH043520 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001082 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States