Profiles of Risk Among HIV-Infected Youth in Clinic Settings.

TitleProfiles of Risk Among HIV-Infected Youth in Clinic Settings.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsM Fern√°ndez I, Huszti HC, Wilson PA, Kahana S, Nichols S, Gonin R, Xu J, Kapogiannis BG
JournalAIDS Behav
Volume19
Issue5
Pagination918-30
Date Published2015 May
ISSN1573-3254
KeywordsAdolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Psychology, Adolescent, Risk Factors, Risk-Taking, Safe Sex, Sexual Behavior, Substance Abuse, Intravenous, Substance-Related Disorders
Abstract

<p>Despite the rising number of new HIV infections among youth, few tailored interventions for youth living with HIV (YLH) have been developed and rigorously tested. Developing tailored interventions necessitates identifying different profiles of YLH and understanding how risk and protective factors cluster together. Obtaining this critical information requires accessing a sufficiently large sample of YLH from diverse geographic settings such as those available through the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV Interventions (ATN). We recruited a cross-sectional sample of 1,712 YLH from ATN clinics; participants completed a survey on psychosocial and health factors. Using latent class analysis on nine composite variables representing risk factors, we identified five classes distinguished by substance use, sexual behavior, and pregnancy history and differing on health outcomes. Findings suggest a need for tailored interventions addressing multiple risky behaviors of HIV-infected youth and research to clarify how intervention effectiveness may differ by risk profile. </p>

DOI10.1007/s10461-014-0876-y
Alternate JournalAIDS Behav
PubMed ID25117556
PubMed Central IDPMC4326610
Grant ListU01 HD 040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD 040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH043520 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States