Behavioral and Health Outcomes for HIV+ Young Transgender Women (YTW) Linked To and Engaged in Medical Care.

TitleBehavioral and Health Outcomes for HIV+ Young Transgender Women (YTW) Linked To and Engaged in Medical Care.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsDowshen N, Matone M, Luan X, Lee S, Belzer M, Fernandez MIsabel, Rubin D
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
JournalLGBT Health
Volume3
Issue2
Pagination162-7
Date Published2016 Apr
ISSN2325-8306
KeywordsAchievement, Anti-HIV Agents, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Female, HIV Infections, Housing, Humans, Medication Adherence, Mental Health, Social Support, Transgender Persons, Transsexualism, Treatment Outcome, Unemployment, United States, Viral Load, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>We describe health and psychosocial outcomes of HIV+ young transgender women (YTW) engaged in care across the United States. When compared to other behaviorally infected youth (BIY), YTW reported higher rates of unemployment (25% vs. 19%), limited educational achievement (42% vs 13%), and suboptimal ART adherence (51% vs. 30%). There was no difference in likelihood of having a detectable viral load (38% vs. 39%) between groups. However, particular isolating psychosocial factors (unstable housing, depression, and lack of social support for attending appointments) increased predicted probability of viral detection to a greater extent among YTW that may have important health implications for this marginalized youth population. </p>

DOI10.1089/lgbt.2014.0062
Alternate JournalLGBT Health
PubMed ID26789394
PubMed Central IDPMC4723288
Grant ListU01 HD 040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040463 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD 040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
K23MH102128 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K23 MH102128 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 AI045008 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH097488 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH 097488 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States