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Better-quality diet is associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis in US Hispanics/Latinos.

TitleBetter-quality diet is associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis in US Hispanics/Latinos.
Publication TypePublication
Year2018
AuthorsSalazar CR, Laniado N, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Borrell LN, Qi Q, Sotres-Alvarez D, Morse DE, Singer RH, Kaplan RC, Badner V, Lamster IB
JournalJ Clin Periodontol
Volume45
Issue7
Pagination780-790
Date Published2018 07
ISSN1600-051X
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, diet, Energy Intake, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Middle Aged, Periodontitis, Young Adult
Abstract

AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24-hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥5 mm. Diet quality was assessed using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010). We evaluated the association of diet quality with severe periodontitis adjusting for age, sex, nativity status, income, education, last dental visit, current insurance, cigarette smoking, diabetes, and energy intake.RESULTS: Relative to those at the lowest quartile of diet quality, individuals at the highest quartile had significantly lower odds of severe periodontitis (adjusted OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39-0.82), with evidence of a dose-response relationship across AHEI quartiles. Among AHEI-2010 components, higher consumption of whole grains and fruits, and lower consumption of red/processed meats were associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis.CONCLUSION: Better-quality diet was associated with lower prevalence of severe periodontitis although the causal pathways need to be clarified in future work.

DOI10.1111/jcpe.12926
Alternate JournalJ Clin Periodontol
PubMed ID29779261
PubMed Central IDPMC6023728
Grant ListN01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0429
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
Manuscript Status: 
Published