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Daily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

TitleDaily Intake of Sodium and Potassium Among Diverse US Hispanics/Latinos, the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
Publication TypePublication
Year2019
AuthorsElfassy T, Sotres-Alvarez D, Van Horn L, Angell S, Schneiderman N, Rundek T, Raij L, Smoller SW, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Daviglus ML, Hanna DB, Hazzouri AZeki Al
JournalAm J Hypertens
Volume32
Issue9
Pagination868-879
Date Published2019 08 14
ISSN1941-7225
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, blood pressure, diet, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Potassium, Dietary, Protective Factors, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Risk Factors, Sodium, Dietary, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: High sodium and low potassium consumption are risk factors for hypertension. The objectives of this study were to describe usual daily intake of sodium and potassium among US Hispanics/Latinos of diverse background groups and estimate the proportion meeting guidelines for dietary sodium and potassium intake.METHODS: We studied 16,171 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a diverse group of self-identified Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years from 4 US communities. In 2008-2011, all HCHS/SOL participants underwent a standardized examination. Median usual daily intake of dietary sodium and potassium were derived from two 24-hour diet recalls; standard errors and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using boot strap methods. Meeting 2015 US Department of Agriculture guidelines was defined as an intake of <2,300 mg/day of sodium and ≥4,700 mg/day of potassium.RESULTS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos, median usual daily intake of sodium was 2,574 mg (95% CI: 2,547, 2,600) among women and 3,747 mg (95% CI: 3,697, 3,796) among men. Median usual daily intake of potassium was 2,069 mg (95% CI: 2,046, 2,092) among women and 2,649 mg (95% CI: 2,615, 2,683) among men. Overall, only 21.3% (95% CI: 20.2%, 22.4%) of the US Hispanic/Latino population met 2015 recommendations for sodium and 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4%, 0.8%) for potassium.CONCLUSIONS: Among US Hispanics/Latinos intake of sodium is too high and potassium too low. Strategies to reduce sodium intake while simultaneously increasing intake of potassium in this US population are warranted.

DOI10.1093/ajh/hpz073
Alternate JournalAm J Hypertens
PubMed ID31056652
PubMed Central IDPMC6694014
Grant ListN01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 AG047273 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K01 HL137557 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG055527 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
KL2 TR002737 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL095856 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0488
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published