Accessibility issues or difficulties with this website?
Call 919-962-2073 or email hchsadministration@unc.edu.

Perceived Discrimination and Cardiometabolic Risk Among US Hispanics/Latinos in the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

TitlePerceived Discrimination and Cardiometabolic Risk Among US Hispanics/Latinos in the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.
Publication TypePublication
Year2019
AuthorsFox RS, Carnethon MR, Gallo LC, Wiley JF, Isasi CR, Daviglus ML, Cai J, Davis SM, Giachello AL, Gonzalez P, McCurley JL, Schneiderman N, Penedo FJ
JournalInt J Behav Med
Volume26
Issue4
Pagination331-342
Date Published2019 Aug
ISSN1532-7558
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Central America, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Metabolic syndrome, Middle Aged, Perception, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Social Discrimination, United States, Waist Circumference, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of cardiovascular risk factors including elevated blood pressure, elevated triglycerides, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, impaired fasting glucose, and abdominal obesity, which disproportionately affects Hispanics/Latinos. The present study examined associations between perceived discrimination and MetS in Hispanic/Latino adults from various background groups (i.e., Dominican, Central American, Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South American).METHODS: Data were obtained from 5174 Hispanics/Latinos who participated in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study. MetS components and covariates were measured at a baseline examination, and perceived discrimination was assessed within 9 months of baseline. Path analysis modeled associations of perceived discrimination with MetS prevalence and each of the six components of MetS, controlling for age, sex, income, acculturation, physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol use.RESULTS: Among the full cohort, perceived discrimination was not associated with MetS prevalence in any of the models evaluated. Higher perceived discrimination at work/school was associated with larger waist circumference. When examining background groups separately, higher perceived ethnicity-associated threat was related to increased MetS prevalence only among individuals of Central American background. Differential patterns of association between perceived discrimination and MetS components were found for different background groups.CONCLUSIONS: Overall results suggested that perceived discrimination was not strongly or consistently associated with MetS among Hispanics/Latinos.

DOI10.1007/s12529-019-09782-7
Alternate JournalInt J Behav Med
PubMed ID31236872
PubMed Central IDPMC7294575
Grant ListHHSN268201300005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300001C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300001I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300003I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300004C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA193193 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300004I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
5T32CA193193 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300003C / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300002I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0062
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published