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Body Mass of U.S. Hispanics/Latinos From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL): How Do Diet Quality and Sedentary Time Relate?

TitleBody Mass of U.S. Hispanics/Latinos From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL): How Do Diet Quality and Sedentary Time Relate?
Publication TypePublication
Year2020
AuthorsPerera MJ, Chirinos DA, Brintz CE, Schneiderman N, Daviglus M, Talavera GA, Perreira KM, Giacinto RAEspinoza, Qi Q, Llabre MM
JournalHisp Health Care Int
Volume18
Issue2
Pagination55-63
Date Published2020 06
ISSN1938-8993
Abstract

Little evidence exists on diet quality- and sedentary time-related differences in body mass index (BMI) among immigrant and nonimmigrant Hispanics/Latinos with different lengths of U.S. residence. A total of 13,962 (80.2% foreign-born) Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) participants aged 18 to 60 from four U.S. cities (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; and San Diego, CA) underwent standardized interviews and fasting blood tests. Diet quality was total Alternative Healthy Eating Index score. Sedentary time was number of <100 counts/minute over 3 to 6 days. BMI was examined using regression models adjusted for age, income, Hispanic/Latino background, HCHS/SOL site, and tobacco use. Two three-way interactions (diet or sedentary time length of residence sex) were tested to examine health behavior-related differences in BMI among immigrant and nonimmigrant males and females. The diet length of residence sex interaction was significant ( = .005, 95% confidence interval [-.003, .008]). For a 10-unit Alternative Healthy Eating Index difference, the BMI difference was greater among immigrant females in the United States longer (0 years = .84 kg/m; 10 years = 1.64 kg/m). Diet-related obesity prevention efforts may start soon after migration, particularly for immigrant women.

DOI10.1177/1540415319874809
Alternate JournalHisp Health Care Int
PubMed ID31565964
Grant ListT32 HL007426 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 HL129892 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL060712 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL140976 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL141824 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 AT003378 / AT / NCCIH NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0387
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published