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Family function and eating behaviours among Hispanic/Latino youth: results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth).

TitleFamily function and eating behaviours among Hispanic/Latino youth: results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth).
Publication TypePublication
Year2021
AuthorsColón-Ramos U, Monge-Rojas R, Smith-Castro V, Wang J, Cheng YI, Perreira KM, Van Horn L, Sotres-Alvarez D, Isasi CR, Gallo LC
JournalPublic Health Nutr
Volume24
Issue5
Pagination924-934
Date Published2021 04
ISSN1475-2727
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate mechanisms across family function, home environment and eating behaviours within sociocultural context among Hispanic youth.DESIGN: Two models tested via path analysis (youth fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption; empty energy consumption) using data from the Study of Latino Youth (2011-2013).SETTING: Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; Bronx, NY; San Diego, CA.PARTICIPANTS: Youth (8-16-year-olds), n 1466.RESULTS: Youth ate 2·4 servings of FV per d and received 27 % of total energy from empty energies. Perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via a pathway of low family function and family support for FV (β = -0·013, P < 0·001) and via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0·004, P = 0·004). Being >12-year-olds was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0·006, P < 0·001). Household food security was indirectly associated with greater FV consumption via family closeness and family support (β = 0·005, P = 0·003). In contrast, perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with higher empty energy consumption (via family closeness and family support: β = 0·003, P = 0·028 and via low family function and low family support: β = 0·008, P = 0·05). Being older was associated with higher consumption of empty energies via family closeness (related to family support: β = 0·04, P = 0·016; parenting strategies for eating: β = 0·002, P = 0·049).CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest pathways of influence across demographic and sociocultural context, family dynamics and home environment. The directionality of these associations needs confirmation using longitudinal data.

DOI10.1017/S1368980020001457
Alternate JournalPublic Health Nutr
PubMed ID32838832
Grant ListR01 HL102130 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0565
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Affiliated Investigator - Not at HCHS/SOL site
ECI: 
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
Manuscript Status: 
Published