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Association of elevated serum aminotransferase levels with chronic kidney disease measures: hispanic community health study/study of latinos.

TitleAssociation of elevated serum aminotransferase levels with chronic kidney disease measures: hispanic community health study/study of latinos.
Publication TypePublication
AuthorsMissikpode C, Kramer H, Cotler SJ, Durazo-Arvizu R, Lash JP, Kallwitz E, Cai J, Kuniholm MH, Rosas SE, Ricardo AC, Talavera GA, Raij L, Pirzada A, Daviglus ML
JournalBMC Nephrol
Date Published2021 Sep 07
KeywordsAdult, Alanine Transaminase, albuminuria, Aspartate Aminotransferases, Cohort Studies, Creatinine, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Metabolic syndrome, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Odds Ratio, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Risk Factors

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown an association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), but it is unclear whether the association is independent of metabolic syndrome.METHODS: Data from 13,006 participants aged 18 to 74 years in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) without viral hepatitis, excessive alcohol consumption, or high transferrin saturation levels were analyzed. Suspected NAFLD was defined as presence of sex-specific elevations in serum aminotransferase levels (aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 37 U/L or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 40 U/L for men and AST or ALT > 31 U/L for women). Logistic regression was used to examine cross-sectional associations of elevated serum aminotransferase levels with low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m based on cystatin C), and with high urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) (> 17 mg/g in men and > 25 mg/ g in women) in separate models adjusting for demographic characteristics and metabolic syndrome.RESULTS: Mean (SD) age was 41 (0.27) years, and 45 % were male. Elevated serum aminotransferase levels were noted in 18.8 % of the population and were associated with greater odds of high UACR (OR = 1.31; 95 % CI = 1.10, 1.56) after adjusting for demographic characteristics; this association became non-significant after adjustment for metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.11, 95 % CI = 0.92, 1.33). In contrast, elevated serum aminotransferase levels were not associated with low eGFR (odds ratio (OR) = 0.73; 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 0.45, 1.18) after adjusting for covariates.CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of diverse U.S. Hispanic Latino adults, elevated serum aminotransferase levels were not independently associated with measures of CKD.

Alternate JournalBMC Nephrol
PubMed ID34493216
PubMed Central IDPMC8422630
Grant ListT32 HL125294 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Chicago (University of Illinois at Chicago)
Manuscript Status: