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Diabetes Incidence Among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).

TitleDiabetes Incidence Among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Publication TypePublication
Year2022
AuthorsCordero C, Schneiderman N, Llabre MM, Teng Y, Daviglus ML, Cowie CC, Cai J, Talavera GA, Gallo LC, Kaplan RC, Feliciano EMCespedes, Giacinto RAEspinoza, Giachello AL, Avilés-Santa L
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume45
Issue6
Pagination1482-1485
Date Published2022 06 02
ISSN1935-5548
KeywordsDiabetes Mellitus, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Incidence, Prevalence, Prospective Studies, Public Health, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine diabetes incidence in a diverse cohort of U.S. Hispanic/Latinos.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is a prospective cohort study with participants aged 18-74 years from four U.S. metropolitan areas. Participants were assessed for diabetes at the baseline examination (2008-2011), annually via telephone interview, and at a second examination (2014-2017).RESULTS: A total of 11,619 participants returned for the second examination. The overall age-adjusted diabetes incidence rate was 22.1 cases/1,000 person-years. The incidence was high among those with Puerto Rican and Mexican backgrounds as well as those aged ≥45 years and with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Significant differences in diabetes awareness, treatment, and health insurance coverage, but not glycemic control, were observed across Hispanic/Latino background groups, age groups, and BMI categories.CONCLUSIONS: Differences in diabetes incidence by Hispanic/Latino background, age, and BMI suggest the susceptibility of these factors.

DOI10.2337/dc21-1543
Alternate JournalDiabetes Care
PubMed ID35506707
PubMed Central IDPMC9210863
Grant ListN01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300003C / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0348
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Manuscript Status: 
Published