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The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study: sample, design, and procedures.

TitleThe Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study: sample, design, and procedures.
Publication TypePublication
Year2014
AuthorsGallo LC, Penedo FJ, Carnethon M, Isasi CR, Sotres-Alvarez D, Malcarne VL, Roesch SC, Youngblood ME, Daviglus ML, Gonzalez P, Talavera GT
JournalEthn Dis
Volume24
Issue1
Pagination77-83
Date Published2014 Winter
ISSN1049-510X
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cross-Sectional Studies, Culture, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Metabolic syndrome, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Research Design, Risk Factors, Young Adult
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study aims to examine associations between sociocultural and psychosocial factors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome prevalence in Hispanics/Latinos. The conceptual framework is based on the Reserve Capacity and Lifespan Biopsychosocial Models, which emphasize multiple risk and protective pathways underlying socioeconomic and ethnic influences in health. This study describes the rationale, participants, and procedures for the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.DESIGN AND SETTING: The Sociocultural Ancillary Study to the HCHS/SOL is a cross-sectional cohort study with future opportunities for prospective investigation.PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 5,313 adults, aged 18-74 years, of self-identified Hispanic/Latino descent and representing multiple Hispanic/Latino background groups, recruited from the Bronx, N.Y., Chicago, Ill., Miami, Fla., and San Diego, Calif.INTERVENTION: Participants completed an interview-administered sociocultural assessment battery within 9 months of their HCHS/SOL clinical baseline exam.OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes are CVD and metabolic syndrome and its component risk factors.RESULTS: The Sociocultural Ancillary Study sample is broadly representative of the HCHS/SOL cohort. Weighted demographics are: 55% male, 56% 18-44 years, 44% > or =45 years, and 37% Mexican, 20% Cuban, 16% Puerto Rican, 12% Dominican, 8% Central American, and 5% South American descent.CONCLUSIONS: By testing theoretically driven hypotheses concerning sociocultural and psychosocial factors in CVD, the Sociocultural Ancillary Study seeks to inform future prevention and intervention efforts for US Hispanic/Latinos.

Alternate JournalEthn Dis
PubMed ID24620452
PubMed Central IDPMC3986116
Grant ListN01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK092949 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
1 RC2 HL101649 / RC / CCR NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0061
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
ECI: 
Manuscript Status: 
Published