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Cigarette Smoking and Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).

TitleCigarette Smoking and Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Publication TypePublication
Year2015
AuthorsBandiera FC, Arguelles W, Gellman M, Castañeda SF, Barnhart J, Gonzalez P, Navas-Nacher EL, Salgado H, Talavera GA, Schneiderman N, Lee DJ
JournalNicotine Tob Res
Volume17
Issue6
Pagination727-34
Date Published2015 Jun
ISSN1469-994X
KeywordsAdult, Central America, Cuba, Depression, Dominican Republic, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Mexican Americans, Prevalence, Prospective Studies, Puerto Rico, Research Design, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Smoking, smoking cessation, South America, United States
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In the present study, we investigated associations among cigarette smoking, smoking cessation treatment, and depressive symptoms in Hispanic/Latino adults.METHODS: The multisite prospective population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (aged 18-74) from diverse backgrounds (n = 16,412) in 4U.S. communities (Chicago, San Diego, Miami, and Bronx). Households were selected using a stratified 2-stage probability sampling design and door-to-door recruitment, and sampling weights calibrated to the 2010U.S. Population Census. Hispanic/Latino individuals of Dominican, Central American, South American, Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican background were considered. Cigarette smoking, smoking cessation treatment, and depressive symptoms were measured by self-report.RESULTS: Results indicated that current smokers had greater odds for significant depressive symptoms (CES-D score ≥ 10) than never smokers in all Hispanic background groups [odds ratio (OR) > 1.5]. Depressed persons were not more likely to receive prescribed smoking cessation medications from a doctor (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 0.98-2.08), take over-the-counter medications (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 0.75-1.66), or receive psychotherapy (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.57-1.85).CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these findings suggest that the positive association between smoking status and depressive symptoms is present in all examined Hispanic/Latino background groups.

DOI10.1093/ntr/ntu209
Alternate JournalNicotine Tob Res
PubMed ID25332458
PubMed Central IDPMC4481722
Grant ListR25 CA113710 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007426 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
5R25CA113710-08 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA113710 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0047
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published