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Associations of structural and functional social support with diabetes prevalence in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos: results from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

TitleAssociations of structural and functional social support with diabetes prevalence in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos: results from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.
Publication TypePublication
Year2015
AuthorsGallo LC, Fortmann AL, McCurley JL, Isasi CR, Penedo FJ, Daviglus ML, Roesch SC, Talavera GA, Gouskova N, Gonzalez F, Schneiderman N, Carnethon MR
JournalJ Behav Med
Volume38
Issue1
Pagination160-70
Date Published2015 Feb
ISSN1573-3521
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, social support, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

Little research has examined associations of social support with diabetes (or other physical health outcomes) in Hispanics, who are at elevated risk. We examined associations between social support and diabetes prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Participants were 5,181 adults, 18-74 years old, representing diverse Hispanic backgrounds, who underwent baseline exam with fasting blood draw, oral glucose tolerance test, medication review, sociodemographic assessment, and sociocultural exam with functional and structural social support measures. In adjusted analyses, one standard deviation higher structural and functional social support related to 16 and 15% lower odds, respectively, of having diabetes. Structural and functional support were related to both previously diagnosed diabetes (OR = .84 and .88, respectively) and newly recognized diabetes prevalence (OR = .84 and .83, respectively). Higher functional and structural social support are associated with lower diabetes prevalence in Hispanics/Latinos.

DOI10.1007/s10865-014-9588-z
Alternate JournalJ Behav Med
PubMed ID25107504
PubMed Central IDPMC4349398
Grant ListN01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001114 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL079891 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
1 RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0132
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
ECI: 
Manuscript Status: 
Published