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Glycemic control among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study: do structural and functional social support play a role?

TitleGlycemic control among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study: do structural and functional social support play a role?
Publication TypePublication
Year2015
AuthorsFortmann AL, Roesch SC, Penedo FJ, Isasi CR, Carnethon MR, Corsino L, Schneiderman N, Daviglus ML, Teng Y, Giachello A, Gonzalez F, Gallo LC
JournalJ Behav Med
Volume38
Issue1
Pagination153-9
Date Published2015 Feb
ISSN1573-3521
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Blood Glucose, Demography, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, social support, Young Adult
Abstract

Social support is one potential source of health-related resiliency in Hispanics with diabetes. This study examined relationships of structural (i.e., social integration) and functional (i.e., perceived) social support with glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin; HbA1c) in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. This study included 766 men and women representing multiple Hispanic ethnic backgrounds, aged 18-74 years, with diagnosed diabetes who completed fasting blood draw, medication review, and measures of sociodemographic factors, medical history, structural support (Cohen Social Network Index), and functional support (Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12). After adjusting for sociodemographic covariates and medication, a one standard deviation increase in functional support was related to an 0.18% higher HbA1c (p = 0.04). A similar trend was observed for structural support; however, this effect was non-significant in adjusted models. Greater functional support was associated with poorer glycemic control in Hispanics.

DOI10.1007/s10865-014-9587-0
Alternate JournalJ Behav Med
PubMed ID25107503
PubMed Central IDPMC4302022
Grant ListN01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001114 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
1 RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0130
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published