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Isotemporal Analysis of the Association of Objectively Measured Physical Activity With Depressive Symptoms: Results From Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).

TitleIsotemporal Analysis of the Association of Objectively Measured Physical Activity With Depressive Symptoms: Results From Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Publication TypePublication
Year2017
AuthorsRethorst CD, Moncrieft AE, Gellman MD, Arredondo EM, Buelna C, Castañeda SF, Daviglus ML, Khan UI, Perreira KM, Sotres-Alvarez D, Stoutenberg M
JournalJ Phys Act Health
Volume14
Issue9
Pagination733-739
Date Published2017 09
ISSN1543-5474
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cohort Studies, Depression, exercise, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Research Design, Risk Factors, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The burden of depression among Hispanics/Latinos indicates the need to identify factors related to depressive symptoms. This paper examines the relationship of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with depressive symptoms in Hispanic/Latinos.METHODS: The Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) is a population-based, cohort study of Hispanic/Latinos in 4 United States metropolitan areas. Objectively measured PA was coded into: sedentary behavior (SB), light-intensity (LPA), moderate-intensity (MPA), and vigorous-intensity (VPA); and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale-10 assessed depressive symptoms. Multiple regression analysis utilizing isotemporal substitution, adjusted for relevant covariates, examined PA as predictors of depressive symptoms.RESULTS: Substitution of 1 hour of SB with VPA resulted in a significant decrease in depressive symptoms (β = -1.215, P = .021). Similar decreases were observed when VPA replaced LPA (β = -1.212, P = .021) and MPA (β = -1.50 P = .034). MPA and LPA were not associated with lower depressive symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: Previous research has focused on the relationship of MVPA on depressive symptoms. Our results suggest these constructs should be examined separately as they may have unique relationships with depressive symptoms. The association of SB with greater depressive symptoms confirms previous reports.

DOI10.1123/jpah.2016-0648
Alternate JournalJ Phys Act Health
PubMed ID28422609
PubMed Central IDPMC5794338
Grant ListN01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
KL2 TR000461 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH097847 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0135
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published