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Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

TitleAssociations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
Publication TypePublication
Year2018
AuthorsElfassy T, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Van Horn L, Gellman M, Sotres-Alvarez D, Schneiderman N, Daviglus M, Beasley JM, Llabre MM, Shaw PA, Prado G, Florez H, Hazzouri AZeki Al
JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
Volume26
Issue2
Pagination442-450
Date Published2018 02
ISSN1930-739X
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, diet, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, potassium, Public Health, sodium, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations.METHODS: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants. BMI, WC, and body fat were measured.RESULTS: Dietary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was cross-sectionally associated with a 0.07-kg/m higher BMI (P < 0.05) and a 0.18-cm larger WC (P = 0.04). Dietary potassium that was 500 mg/d higher was only associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among those who were foreign-born with 10 + years in the US (-0.13 kg/m , P < 0.01 and -0.36 cm, P = 0.01, respectively) and among those who were US-born (-0.62 kg/m , P < 0.01 and -1.42 cm, P < 0.01, respectively). Urinary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was associated with a 0.27-kg/m higher BMI (P < 0.01) and 0.54 kg more body fat (P < 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Sodium intake was associated with higher BMI, WC, and body fat. Potassium intake was associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among US-born participants and participants with a longer duration of US residence.

DOI10.1002/oby.22089
Alternate JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
PubMed ID29318759
PubMed Central IDPMC5783725
Grant ListN01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007426 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 AG047273 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL136266 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG055527 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
KL2 TR002737 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL095856 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0440
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published