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Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Hispanic Youth: Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth.

TitleObjectively Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Hispanic Youth: Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth.
Publication TypePublication
Year2018
AuthorsStrizich G, Kaplan RC, Sotres-Alvarez D, Diaz KM, Daigre AL, Carnethon MR, Vidot DC, Delamater AM, Perez L, Perreira K, Isasi CR, Qi Q
JournalJ Clin Endocrinol Metab
Volume103
Issue9
Pagination3289-3298
Date Published2018 09 01
ISSN1945-7197
KeywordsAccelerometry, Adolescent, Biomarkers, Cardiovascular Diseases, Child, Cholesterol, HDL, Cross-Sectional Studies, exercise, Female, Health Surveys, Hispanic Americans, Humans, insulin, insulin resistance, Male, Risk Factors, Sedentary Behavior, Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract

Context: Time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), but not in sedentary behavior (SB), is related to cardiometabolic risk among non-Hispanic white youth.Objective: Examine associations of SB and MVPA with cardiometabolic risk factors among Hispanic/Latino youth.Design: Cross-sectional analysis.Setting: Four US communities.Participants: Hispanic/Latino youth (N = 1,426) ages 8 to 16 years.Measurements: Associations of MVPA and SB, measured using 7-day accelerometer data (independent variables), with markers of glucose and lipid metabolism, inflammation, and endothelial function (dependent variables), were assessed in multivariable linear regression models while adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and accelerometer wear time. Additional models controlled for obesity measures.Results: SB comprised a mean (SD) of 75% (13%) of accelerometer wear time; mean (SD) time of MVPA was 35 min/d (22 min/d). Deleterious levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were associated with lower levels of MVPA and higher levels of SB (all P < 0.05). Associations of MVPA with log-transformed triglyceride concentrations (β per 15-min/d increment, -0.039; SE, 0.018; P = 0.037) and SB with HDL-C (β per 30-min/d increment, -0.63; SE, 0.26; P = 0.018), but not those with other markers, remained significant after adjusting for MVPA or SB and further adjustment for body mass index and waist circumference. Higher SB tertiles were associated with lower soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products in fully adjusted models (P for trend = 0.037).Conclusions: Physiological precursors of diabetes and cardiovascular disease were associated with MVPA and SB among US Hispanic/Latino youth, a group that bears a disproportionate burden of metabolic disorders.

DOI10.1210/jc.2018-00356
Alternate JournalJ Clin Endocrinol Metab
PubMed ID29947786
PubMed Central IDPMC6126884
Grant ListP2C HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK092949 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0413
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
Manuscript Status: 
Published