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The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Community and Surrounding Areas Study: sample, design, and procedures.

TitleThe Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Community and Surrounding Areas Study: sample, design, and procedures.
Publication TypePublication
Year2019
AuthorsGallo LC, Carlson JA, Sotres-Alvarez D, Sallis JF, Jankowska MM, Roesch SC, Gonzalez F, Geremia CM, Talavera GA, Rodriguez TM, Castañeda SF, Allison MA
JournalAnn Epidemiol
Volume30
Pagination57-65
Date Published2019 02
ISSN1873-2585
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cohort Studies, Community-Based Participatory Research, Depression, Environment, exercise, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Public Health, Research Design, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Social Class, Social Environment, United States
Abstract

PURPOSE: We describe the sample, design, and procedures for the Community and Surrounding Areas Study (CASAS), an ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The aim of SOL CASAS was to test an ecological model of macro- and micro-neighborhood environment factors, intermediate behavioral (physical activity) and psychosocial (e.g., depression and stress) mechanisms, and changes in cardiometabolic health in Hispanics/Latinos.METHODS: Between 2015 and 2017, approximately 6 years after the HCHS/SOL baseline (2008-2011), 1776 San Diego HCHS/SOL participants enrolled in SOL CASAS and completed a repeat physical activity assessment. Participants' residential addresses were geoprocessed, and macroenvironmental features of the home were derived from publicly available data concurrent with the HCHS/SOL baseline and Visit 2 (2014-2017). Microscale environmental attributes were coded for 943 unique routes for 1684 participants, with a validated observational tool, concurrent with Visit 2, for SOL CASAS participants only.RESULTS: Of 2520 HCHS/SOL participants approached, 70.5% enrolled (mean age 55.3 years; 94% Mexican; 67.5% female). Accelerometer adherence (three or more days with at least 10 hours wear time) was outstanding (94%).CONCLUSIONS: With its more comprehensive ecological model and well-characterized Hispanic/Latino population, SOL CASAS will advance the science concerning the contribution of neighborhood factors to cardiometabolic health.

DOI10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.002
Alternate JournalAnn Epidemiol
PubMed ID30551973
PubMed Central IDPMC6415666
Grant ListHHSN268201300005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300004C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300001C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR002550 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK106209 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201300003C / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0700
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
ECI: 
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Field Center: San Diego (San Diego State University)
Manuscript Status: 
Published