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Loneliness, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes Prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

TitleLoneliness, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes Prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study.
Publication TypePublication
Year2020
AuthorsFoti SA, Khambaty T, Birnbaum-Weitzman O, Arguelles W, Penedo F, Giacinto RAEspinoza, Gutierrez AP, Gallo LC, Giachello AL, Schneiderman N, Llabre MM
JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Volume22
Issue2
Pagination345-352
Date Published2020 Apr
ISSN1557-1920
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Loneliness, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Self Report, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

The relationship between loneliness and both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has been understudied in U.S. Hispanics, a group at high risk for DM. We examined whether loneliness was associated with CVD and DM, and whether age, sex, marital status, and years in U.S moderated these associations. Participants were 5,313 adults (M (SD) age = 42.39 (15.01)) enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Loneliness was assessed via the 3-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Level of reported loneliness was low. Loneliness was significantly associated with CVD: OR 1.10 (CI 1.01-1.20) and DM: OR 1.08 (CI 1.00-1.16) after adjusting for depression, demographics, body mass index, and smoking status. Age, sex, marital status, and years in U.S. did not moderate associations. Given that increased loneliness is associated with higher cardiometabolic disease prevalence beyond depressive symptoms, regardless of age, sex, marital status, or years in the U.S., Hispanic adults experiencing high levels of loneliness may be a subgroup at particularly elevated risk for CVD and DM.

DOI10.1007/s10903-019-00885-7
Alternate JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
PubMed ID30963348
PubMed Central IDPMC6783350
Grant ListN01-HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007426 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HL007426-37 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
1 RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0386
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Miami (University of Miami)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published