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Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth.

TitleMaternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth.
Publication TypePublication
Year2019
AuthorsSlopen N, Strizich G, Hua S, Gallo LC, Chae DH, Priest N, Gurka MJ, Bangdiwala SI, Bravin JI, Chambers EC, Daviglus ML, Llabre MM, Carnethon MR, Isasi CR
JournalAnn Epidemiol
Volume34
Pagination52-57
Date Published2019 06
ISSN1873-2585
KeywordsAdolescent, Body mass index, C-Reactive Protein, Cardiovascular Diseases, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Metabolic syndrome, Mothers, racism, Risk Factors, Social Discrimination
Abstract

PURPOSE: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later.METHODS: Our sample included 1146 youth (8-16 years) from the Study of Latino Youth (2012-2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008-2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI) z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels 2 years later.RESULTS: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log) hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.32) in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI.CONCLUSIONS: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.

DOI10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011
Alternate JournalAnn Epidemiol
PubMed ID31060896
PubMed Central IDPMC7282822
Grant ListN01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL120960 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD041041 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL102130 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 HL125466 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK111022 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
R03 HL140265 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0491
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published