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Stress Is Associated With Neurocognitive Function in Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results From HCHS/SOL Socio-Cultural Ancillary Study.

TitleStress Is Associated With Neurocognitive Function in Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results From HCHS/SOL Socio-Cultural Ancillary Study.
Publication TypePublication
Year2021
AuthorsMuñoz E, Gallo LC, Hua S, Sliwinski MJ, Kaplan R, Lipton RB, González HM, Penedo FJ, Tarraf W, Daviglus ML, Llabre MM, Isasi CR
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Volume76
Issue4
Paginatione122-e128
Date Published2021 03 14
ISSN1758-5368
KeywordsAcculturation, Cognition, Female, Health Status Disparities, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Mental Status and Dementia Tests, Middle Aged, Psychology, Psychomotor Performance, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Self Report, Stress, Psychological, United States, Verbal Learning
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that chronic and acculturative stress would be negatively associated with neurocognitive function among middle aged to older Hispanics/Latinos.METHOD: Our analytic sample consisted of 3,265 participants (mean age = 56.7 (±0.24)) from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos who participated in its Sociocultural Ancillary Study. During the baseline phase of this project, participants were assessed on multiple domains of neurocognitive function, and completed self-report measures of chronic and acculturative stress.RESULTS: Each standard deviation increase in chronic stress was associated with lower performance in a verbal learning task (B = -.17, 95% CI [-.32, -.01]); this association was no longer significant after adjusting for mental and physical health symptoms, including depression and anxiety symptoms, and cardiovascular health. A standard deviation increase in acculturative stress was associated with poorer performance in all cognitive measures (Bs range = -.13 to -1.03). Associations of acculturation stress with psychomotor speed, verbal learning, and word fluency remained significant after adjusting for mental and physical health symptoms.DISCUSSION: Our results suggest that mental and physical health may help explain some cross-sectional associations between stress and cognition and highlight the need to examine culture-specific psychosocial stressors to better understand the context of psychosocial risk factors for neurocognitive performance.

DOI10.1093/geronb/gbz144
Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
PubMed ID31677388
PubMed Central IDPMC7955987
Grant ListF32 AG056134 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG048642 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL101649 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065233 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065234 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065235 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065236 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC065237 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0273
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Field Center: Bronx (Einstein College of Medicine)
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Status: 
Published