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Prevalence and Patterns of Dental Care Utilization among US-Born and Non-US Born Hispanics in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

TitlePrevalence and Patterns of Dental Care Utilization among US-Born and Non-US Born Hispanics in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
Publication TypePublication
AuthorsAkinkugbe AA, Raskin SE, Donahue EE, Youngblood ME, Laniado NN, Perreira KM
JournalJDR Clin Trans Res
Date Published2021 Apr
KeywordsAcculturation, Dental Care, Female, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Prevalence, Public Health

OBJECTIVES: Access to routine dental services is important to maintaining good oral health. The aims of this study were to describe the dental care utilization patterns of a diverse group of Hispanic/Latino men and women and assess differences in dental care utilization by perceived need for dental care and proxy measures of acculturation.METHODS: Data from 13,792 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study were analyzed with SAS 9.4. Time since last dental visit was dichotomized into <1 and ≥1 y. Acculturation measures included the language and social subscales of the Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics, the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis nativity subscore, and immigrant generation. Survey logistic regression adjusted for demographic (age and sex) and health-related variables, estimated associations among perceived need for dental care, acculturation measures, and dental care utilization.RESULTS: About a quarter (23%) of the participants were born in the 50 US states, excluding territories, while 77% were non-US born. Overall, 74% perceived a need for dental care. Upon covariate adjustment, perceiving a need for dental care was associated with reduced odds of reporting a past-year dental visit (odds ratio, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.28 to 0.37), while there appeared to be no meaningful association between proxy measures of acculturation and past-year dental visit. Having health insurance was significantly associated with a past-year dental visit (odds ratio, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.99 to 2.49) for all groups combined and among the different Hispanic/Latino background groups.CONCLUSIONS: Acculturation affects general health and contributes to general health disparities; however, its role in dental care utilization remains questionable. Given that acculturation is a process that occurs over several years, longitudinal studies that evaluate oral health trajectories along the acculturation continuum are needed.KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: The results of this study are valuable for dental public health program planning and implementation for minority groups, as it describes the varying patterns of dental care utilization among US-born and non-US born Hispanics/Latinos and identifies factors that may partly explain dental care utilization patterns, such as acculturation.

Alternate JournalJDR Clin Trans Res
PubMed ID32437635
PubMed Central IDPMC7970345
Grant ListR03 DE028403 / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
L40 DE028120 / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Affiliated Investigator - Not at HCHS/SOL site
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Coordinating Center - Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center - UNC at Chapel Hill
Manuscript Status: