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Dietary Patterns and Years Living in the United States by Hispanic/Latino Heritage in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).

TitleDietary Patterns and Years Living in the United States by Hispanic/Latino Heritage in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Publication TypePublication
Year2021
AuthorsMaldonado LE, Adair LS, Sotres-Alvarez D, Mattei J, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Perreira KM, Daviglus ML, Van Horn LV, Gallo LC, Isasi CR, Albrecht SS
JournalJ Nutr
Volume151
Issue9
Pagination2749-2759
Date Published2021 Sep 04
ISSN1541-6100
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous diet findings in Hispanics/Latinos rarely reflect differences in commonly consumed and culturally relevant foods across heritage groups and by years lived in the United States.OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify and compare a posteriori heritage-specific dietary patterns (DPs) and evaluate their associations with "healthfulness" [using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010)] and years living in the United States.METHODS: We used baseline data from a population-based cohort of 14,099 Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 y in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We performed principal factor analysis using two 24-h recalls to derive DPs, separately, in each heritage group (Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and South American), and identified overarching DPs based on high-loading foods shared by ≥2 groups. We used multivariable linear regression to test associations of DPs with AHEI-2010 and years living in the United States.RESULTS: We identified 5 overarching DPs (Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks; White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats; Fish; Egg & Cheese; and Alcohol). All Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks DPs were inversely associated with AHEI-2010, whereas all Fish DPs (except Dominican) were positively associated with this index (all P-trend < 0.001). White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats DPs showed inverse associations in Cuban and Central American groups and positive associations in Mexican-origin individuals (all P-trend < 0.001). Fewer years living in the United States was associated with higher scores for White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats DPs in Cuban and Mexican heritage groups and lower scores on Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks DPs in Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican groups (all P-trend < 0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show substantial variation in DPs across Hispanics/Latinos and adherence to DPs by time in the United States, which could inform dietary interventions targeting this diverse US population. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02060344.

DOI10.1093/jn/nxab165
Alternate JournalJ Nutr
PubMed ID34320207
PubMed Central IDPMC8417926
Grant List / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65237 / / San Diego State University /
/ / National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities /
N01HC65234 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65233 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65237 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
/ NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
/ / Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development /
T32 HL129969 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
1T32HL129969-01A1 / HB / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65233 / / University of North Carolina /
N01-HC65235 / / Albert Einstein College of Medicine /
N01HC65236 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC65235 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC65236 / / Northwestern University /
N01-HC65234 / / University of Miami /
K01DK107791 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
/ / Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill /
/ HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
/ DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
K01DK107791 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
/ NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
MS#: 
0887
Manuscript Lead/Corresponding Author Affiliation: 
Coordinating Center - Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center - UNC at Chapel Hill
ECI: 
Yes
Manuscript Affiliation: 
Coordinating Center - Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center - UNC at Chapel Hill
Manuscript Status: 
Published